Education System in the United States

Nov 22, 2012

Understanding the Education System in the U.S.A

Education in the U.S. offers plenty of options for student study areas. For students from outside the U.S., even for U.S. students also, the number of institutions, programs and school locations can lead to confusion in choosing.To facilitate the selection, students must study earnestly programs and locations to be selected. In conducting the election, we must understand the education system in the U.S.A

The structure of education in the U.S.A

Average Americans go through 12 years of education at primary and secondary school. With a diploma from secondary school ( high school ), they can continue their studies to a college,university,vocational ( job training ) school,secretarial school,and other school professionals.

Primary dan Secondary School

The children in the U.S. go to school (primary school) at the age of approximately 6 years.
They studied there for 5 or 6 years.
Then they move on to high school ( secondary school ),which consists of 3 years in "middle school" or "junior high school" and 3 or 4 years in "senior high school" ( more often called " high school " only ).
Americans call a class / level in the first 12 years of this school with the term " grade ".

Higher Education

After completing high school ( twelfth grade ),
they can continue their studies to a college or university. Education in a college or university is known as higher education (" igher education ").
We need to know the level of education in our country's equivalent of the twelfth grade in the U.S.A.
We also need to make sure whether it is necessary to take 1-2 years of preparation before they can enroll in school in the U.S.A.
In some countries, governments and the private sector sometimes do not recognize the degree to which we can be in the U.S.A if we go to one college before graduating high school.

Education in a college or university that provides educational Bachelor known as " undergraduate ". Education sequel called education " graduate " or " post-graduate ". Continuing education or graduate education includes legal, medical, MBA, and Ph.D. ( doctorate ).

Where do we go to college in the U.S.A ?

1.State College or State University

State school or a public school supported or organized by the government ( state or local government ).
To 50 states in the United States each have at least one state university and possibly some college country. Some schools are using the word "State" as part of its name.

2.Private College or Private University

College or University is organized by the private sector, not by government. Tuition there is usually higher than public schools. These schools are also smaller than most public schools.

3.Two-Year College

Two-year colleges admit students graduate high school and provide Associate Degree.
Institutions of higher education,
there are organized by the government,
there is also the private sector. We must ascertain whether the title given by the institute is recognized by the government or the private sector in our country. Graduates of two-year college or junior college usually went to college or university to earn a Bachelor's degree by taking two or more years of further education.

4.Community College

It is an education in college for two years held by the government or the public. Community colleges serve the local community, usually a city or county. Many of the students who lived in the house, or the workers who take afternoon classes.

Often community colleges welcome students. Many of these schools offer special services to students such as free tutorials. Many also offer English language courses ( ESL - English as a Second Language ) intensively. Students each class is usually less and less competitive than a large state university.

Many comunnity college offering transfer programs. Students who have completed this program may transfer credits to a college or university to continue to undergraduate education. This transfer program could help a lot of foreign students. Two years at a community college gives them the opportunity to improve their English skills while they adjust to the education system and lifestyle in the U.S.A

In addition to transfer programs, community colleges offer a wide selection of vocational (job-training) program. These programs prepare students to various career opportunities, ranging from business administration and computer programmers, to the nurse, fashion design and management of the hotel / restaurant. Students who complete this program will earn a degree or certificate.

Some community colleges provide housing and consulting services that might be needed by the students.

Again, make sure that the title of the community college may be used to seek employment in the country. Most states, but not all, recognize this title.

5.Professional School

Professional school trains students in fields such as art, music, engineering, business, and other professions. Some of them are part of the university, while others are separate schools. Some professionals offer graduate degrees.

6.Institute of Technology

This is a school that requires at least four years of study in the field of science and technology. Some of them have graduate programs. The others are similar to community and junior colleges, and offer programs that are shorter in the field easier.

7.Technical Institute

A technical institute students in fields such as medical technology or industrial engineering. Although this study can provide a preparation for a career that we want, the degree to which we can here do not necessarily equivalent to a degree from a college or university. Some colleges and universities do not accept credit from institutions in the transfer program. If we intend to follow a technical education institute, first check whether our government, college, or university in the United States recognizes the title given.

8.Church-Related School

Many colleges and universities in the U.S. were founded by religious institutions. Nevertheless, the relationship between the school and the organization may be very flexible. Sometimes these schools prefer students who come from a similar background to the founders. But most schools accept students of any religion and faith.

I hope this article helps if you are looking for information about the current education system in America

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